- Verbal communication
- Transfer of written documents
- Transfer of U.S. computer software to a foreign national whether in the U.S. or abroad if the technology is controlled by export regulations.
Determining whether a technology is controlled is critical in determining whether export control laws and regulations apply. To find out if technologies or data are controlled, check the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) and International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) control lists. Please refer to the both the EAR and ITAR web sites for a more general overview of the regulations regarding each of the above mentioned control lists.
Technology includes information related to the design, development or production of equipment or software. Transfers of listed technologies to non-U.S. persons or entities in the form of drawings, schematics, blueprints, research results, formulae, meetings, symposiums, classroom discussions, conversations, email, etc, are controlled. If any controlled information, technology, software, or equipment will be transferred to another party overseas or to a foreign party in the United States, a license must be obtained prior to the transfer unless a valid licensing exception or exclusion applies.
Is my research subject to export controls?